Our Earth is called the Blue Planet because 71% of its surface is covered with water. Water is the element which made life possible on Earth and is the most used resource on the planet. Given its importance, one would think that this resource would be valued the most and the humans would be doing everything in their power to preserve such a valuable resource. But unfortunately, if you think that, you are completely wrong. Our behaviors are on the line such that we have absolutely no necessity for this valuable liquid and we waste it openly. We pollute it without any regard. All of our evildoing has come back to us and now more than ever we face the possibility of large-scale droughts.
Cape Town already is facing large-scale water shortages and if we don’t take necessary precautions the same thing can happen to us as well in our near future.
If this problem worries you as much as it worries me, then don’t worry. If you want to pitch in your efforts to stop drought at any cost, but just don’t know where to start, I have mentioned a few steps, which taken by you and the society which will reduce the chances of drought and if prolonged, we will never have any risk of this calamity in the future. While storing survival food is a good ideal, it is not ideal in the long-term if the crisis persists.
- Rain Water Harvesting
We have been reading about rainwater harvesting in our books from elementary school, but how many of us have applied it in our daily lives? It is still not too late. By adopting rainwater harvesting, we can store the rainwater in our water storage tanks and use it for our daily chores. Moreover, rainwater harvesting also restores the groundwater level. There is absolutely no reason why we should not adopt rainwater harvesting in our daily lives. You can check my reviews for the best water storage tanks here.
- Crop Regulations
The Government should also make strict policies to not grow any type of crops which requires a high volume of water to grow in the drought-stricken areas of our country. Instead, the policies of the Government should include the cultivation of those crops which require the least amount of water to grow and harvest. Crops like rice require huge quantity of water to grow, whereas crops like legumes require comparatively less amount of water. You can also about the Backyard Liberty Program and Aquaponics to effectively grow enough food to feed your family in the backyard.
Dams are the man-made reservoirs of water, which can be used at the time of drought. Constructions of dams near drought-prone areas is a good strategy and it can be fairly useful in the time of needs. The excess stored water in the dam can be used for human consumptions and also for crops in the areas.
We should pay more emphasis on recycling water. The wastewater or the sewage we generate on a daily basis can be forwarded to the sewage treatment plants and can be used again in various forms. The treated water can be used for irrigation and we can further treat water to make it potable and use it for human consumption and different chores.
Barren land is one the leading cause of the drought. Deforestation has caused a lot of problems in these few decades and we have lesser trees by the day. When a particular land is covered with trees, they release the moisture in the air which in turn causes rain. Trees are an important part of the precipitation. However, we have started to cut trees aggressively and we don’t want to stop. Without the trees, the chances of rain decrease drastically, which in turn increase the chances of drought in the particular region. We as a society should pledge to plant as many trees as we can in our lifetime. We should make a promise to ourselves to plant at least 10 trees in a year. If you think about it, trees are our real friends.
- Irrigation strategies
Our farmers should be educated in the various types of irrigation techniques to minimize the amount of water used in the irrigation of their fields but maximize their output. Slow soaking should be used where the water seeps slowly through the irrigation wells and soaks up the field, reaching deep down up to the roots. This method saves water and is proven an effective form of irrigation. Moreover, any type of irrigation must be carried out only when the sun is not the brightest which are morning and evening which minimizes evaporation. Farmers should also learn new farming technologies that take little space and very little water but still produce enough food for the family.
Our mother nature is deteriorating day by day and we are the cause of it. We have to understand that this is our planet and no one is coming to save us. It is us who have to save ourselves. Adopting these techniques as early as possible is our only chance to save our environment until it’s too late for us to do anything but repent. We have to decide ourselves that what kind of Earth would be leaving for our children.